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International Applied Military Psychology Symposium
IAMPS 

2015, Lisbon 18 - 22 May


Joaquim Bule é terapeuta formado e certificado (2005), pelo EMDR Institute, Califórnia, EUA, fundado pela Dra. Francine Shapiro, criadora do EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing / Dessensibilização e Reprocessamento através do Movimento Ocular).

EMDR é uma das duas psicoterapias aprovada pela Organização Mundial de Saúde (2013) como eficaz no tratamento de traumas, sendo a outra a Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental Focada no Trauma.


ABSTRACT:

EMDR an Antibiotic to Heal Emotional Wounds - Dr. Joaquim Bule

Adverse life experiences contribute to both psychological and biomedical pathology. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), introduced in 1989 as an information processing psychotherapy to resolve symptoms resulting from distressing memories, is an evidence-based psychotherapy supported by more than 20 randomized controlled studies and recommended as first-line treatment of trauma. The World Health Organization (2013) has stated that trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TFCBT) and EMDR are the only psychotherapies recommended for children, adolescents, and adults with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Unlike TFCBT with a trauma focus, EMDR does not involve detailed descriptions or extended exposure to the event, direct challenging of beliefs, or homework. The major therapeutic process in EMDR is silent free association primed by traumatic memories or triggers.

EMDR is used a lot with members of Armed Forces, ambulance personal, and police forces worldwide. In addition to the efficiency, EMDR doesn’t require the person being helped, to talk through the causing incident in any detail. Instead he is guided through the healing process in a way that allows great privacy and success, taking into account the sensitive nature of information and the unusual circumstances that can surround such situations.

Randomized trials have evaluated the eye movements and demonstrated significantly superior effects compared to “exposure-only” conditions.

Research shows that general life experiences (eg, relational problems, problems with study or work) can be the source of posttraumatic stress symptoms like a major trauma. EMDR therapy is also highly effective in treating distressing life experiences that do not meet the criteria for traumatic events in the diagnosis of PTSD.

Whenever the past becomes present and someone reacts in a dysfunctional manner, because his perception of the current situation is colored by his unprocessed memories, EMDR can be the solution. The subject thinks about a traumatic image while watching an object move back and forth, while the distressing feeling will reduce in intensity. Eye movements from side to side, sounds or taps to the skin, are different forms of bilateral stimulation of the two sides of the brain to activate networks which blocked following disturbing experiences, to finally regain focus, confidence and peace.